Pasar al contenido principal

Lava is still tearing through Hawaii as the Kilauea volcano continues to erupt— here's what it looks like on the ground

Lava flowing from fissures near Pahoa, Hawaii.
Lava flowing from fissures near Pahoa, Hawaii. U.S. Geological Survey via AP, file

Hawaii's Kilauea volcano is still gushing lava and ash, weeks after violent eruptions began.

The volcano has technically been erupting since 1983, but this recent spate of dangerous eruptions has been escalating since May 3. The lava flows have severely damaged nearby residential neighborhoods and forced over 2,000 people to evacuate their homes. Many still can't access their properties as ash and lava continue to spread around the island.

Beyond the immediate fire danger from lava, high levels of sulfur dioxide spewing from the volcano pose a serious threat to children, elderly people, and people with respiratory issues, the United States Geological Survey said.

The ongoing eruptions have severely impacted Hawaii's tourism-driven economy and are transforming large swaths of the Big Island's normally lush landscape. Here's what it looks like on the ground:

Kilauea has been continuously erupting for more than a month, spewing ash and lava on Hawaii's Big Island.

Kilauea has been continuously erupting for more than a month, spewing ash and lava on Hawaii's Big Island.
Lava erupts from a fissure in Kapoho, in Kilauea's East Rift Zone on May 21. AP Photo/Jae C. Hong

Lava has destroyed at least 600 homes and properties near the volcano, according to ABC News.

Lava has destroyed at least 600 homes and properties near the volcano, according to ABC News.
A photographer records lava erupting from a fissure in Kapoho, Hawaii Monday, May 21, 2018. AP Photo/Jae C. Hong

Source: ABC

Over 2,000 people have been evacuated since the eruptions began, and many are still not able to return to their homes.

Over 2,000 people have been evacuated since the eruptions began, and many are still not able to return to their homes.
This image provided by the U.S. Geological Survey shows lava entering the sea near Pahoa, Hawaii, Monday, May 21, 2018. U.S. Geological Survey via AP

Source: CNN

More than 20 active fissures have broken open, oozing lava all over the island and into the Pacific Ocean.

Lava flowing from fissures near Pahoa, Hawaii.
Lava flowing from fissures near Pahoa, Hawaii. U.S. Geological Survey via AP, file

The flows release toxic gases like sulfur dioxide, which can pose respiratory problems, especially for children and the elderly.

The flows release toxic gases like sulfur dioxide, which can pose respiratory problems, especially for children and the elderly.
Lava flows into the ocean near Pahoa, Hawaii Sunday, May 20, 2018. AP Photo/Jae C. Hong

Lava flows can quickly overtake and scorch anything in their path. They have covered vast swaths of land on the Big Island.

Lava flows can quickly overtake and scorch anything in their path. They have covered vast swaths of land on the Big Island.
Lava flows from a fissure near Pahoa, Hawaii. U.S. Geological Survey via AP, File

Take, for example, Kapoho Bay, which is close to Kapoho Crater, an active crater on the Kilauea volcano. This is a satellite image of the bay on June 3, as lava approached.

Take, for example, Kapoho Bay, which is close to Kapoho Crater, an active crater on the Kilauea volcano. This is a satellite image of the bay on June 3, as lava approached.
Satellite image ©2018 DigitalGlobe, a Maxar company

By June 5, the lava advanced dramatically, as seen in the below photo.

By June 5, the lava advanced dramatically, as seen in the below photo.
Satellite image ©2018 DigitalGlobe, a Maxar company

On June 8, Kapoho Bay was almost completely filled in. In this more zoomed-out photo of the area, the bay looks black next to the bright orange lava.

On June 8, Kapoho Bay was almost completely filled in. In this more zoomed-out photo of the area, the bay looks black next to the bright orange lava.
Plumes of laze rise from Kapoho Bay. Pierre Markuse/Flickr from Copernicus Sentinel/European Space Agency

When lava enters the ocean, it creates new hazards for marine life and local residents.

When lava enters the ocean, it creates new hazards for marine life and local residents.
People take photos on a tour boat as steam plumes rise while lava from the Kilauea volcano enters the Pacific Ocean, May 20, 2018. Mario Tama/Getty Images

Dangerous plumes of laze — a combination of the words lava and haze — rise when lava comes into contact with ocean water. This is not ordinary smoke.

Dangerous plumes of laze — a combination of the words lava and haze — rise when lava comes into contact with ocean water. This is not ordinary smoke.
Lava flows into the ocean near Pahoa, Hawaii, Sunday, May 20, 2018. AP Photo/Jae C. Hong

Faced with the volcanic heat, sea water gets boiled. That creates a mix of hydrochloric acid, steam, and tiny glass particles, which can cause respiratory issues if inhaled.

Faced with the volcanic heat, sea water gets boiled. That creates a mix of hydrochloric acid, steam, and tiny glass particles, which can cause respiratory issues if inhaled.
Joe Kekedi takes pictures as lava enters the ocean, generating plumes of steam near Pahoa, Hawaii Sunday, May 20, 2018. AP Photo/Jae C. Hong

Source: Business Insider

USGS geologist Janet Babb told Reuters that laze plumes from the Kilauea eruption could extend as far as 15 miles.

USGS geologist Janet Babb told Reuters that laze plumes from the Kilauea eruption could extend as far as 15 miles.
Lava flows into the ocean near Pahoa, Hawaii Sunday, May 20, 2018. AP Photo/Jae C. Hong

Source: Reuters.

In some areas of the Big Island, lava is piled up over 40 feet high.

In some areas of the Big Island, lava is piled up over 40 feet high.
Members of the media record a wall of lava entering the ocean near Pahoa, Hawaii, Sunday, May 20, 2018 AP Photo/Jae C. Hong

Source: USA Today

The eruption has had disastrous consequences for Hawaii's tourism-driven economy. Bookings for hotels on the Big Island have dropped around 50% since the eruptions started on May 3, according to Reuters.

The eruption has had disastrous consequences for Hawaii's tourism-driven economy. Bookings for hotels on the Big Island have dropped around 50% since the eruptions started on May 3, according to Reuters.
Lava flows from Fissure 20 in Kilauea Volcano's lower East Rift Zone in Pahoa, Hawaii. U.S. Geological Survey via AP

Source: Reuters

"My house was an offering for Pele," Monica Devlin, a local resident whose home was destroyed by the flows, told The New York Times. "It's an awe-inspiring process of destruction and creation and I was lucky to glimpse it." Pele is a native Hawaiian deity

"My house was an offering for Pele," Monica Devlin, a local resident whose home was destroyed by the flows, told The New York Times. "It's an awe-inspiring process of destruction and creation and I was lucky to glimpse it." Pele
Steam plumes rise as lava enters the Pacific Ocean, after flowing to the water from a Kilauea volcano fissure on Hawaii's Big Island on May 21, 2018. Mario Tama/Getty Images

Source: New York Times

Te puede interesar